Around 100,000 people were living with HIV in the UK in 2013. That’s around one person in 665, although it’s much higher in some groups. Of these 100,000, over 20,000 (one in five) don’t know they have HIV because they have never had an HIV test or they got HIV since their last test.
More than 6,000 people test positive for HIV each year - more than half are gay and bisexual men and heterosexuals make up the other half. Around 41,000 gay and bisexual men and around 53,000 heterosexuals were estimated to be living with HIV in the UK by the end of 2012. 63% of heterosexuals identified as Black African, with over 20,000 of heterosexuals with HIV born either in the UK or outside Africa.
London has the largest numbers of people living with HIV and Hackney currently has the 9th highest prevalence in London with 1,374 people living with HIV.Thats a rate of 7.75 HIV diagnosis per 1000 people and is almost four times higher than the England average of 2.05 per 1000 people.
In total, people who identify as White or Black African account for 87% of all HIV infections in the UK.
In Hackney 19.2% of the population are either Black African (11.4%) or Black Caribbean (7.8%)
Among Africans with HIV in Britain around one in four doesn’t know they have it.
In Hackney 4.7% of the Hackney population identify as LGB although it is believed to be higher ranging from 5-7% of the population.
Gay and bisexual men in the UK also have high rates of HIV infection. Nationally, around one in 20 is estimated to be living with HIV. In London as many as one in 12 are living with the virus. Rates are even higher among men using the gay scenes of large cities. In 2012 over 3,250 gay and bisexual men tested HIV positive, the highest figure ever reported.
Because of needle exchange programmes that give out clean equipment, levels of HIV among people who inject drugs in the UK remain low but there is still a risk.
In 2011/12, 1,318 drug users residing in Hackney were in structured treatment. Four fifths (81%) of these clients were primary heroin or crack cocaine users. These statisticss show that with such high prevelance of heroin among these identified drug users there is a greater risk of HIV transmission through injecting drugs if unprotected sex or needle sharing occurs in this group.
(Statistics sourced from Public Health England, The Terrence Higgins Trust and the 2011 census)
Rate of HIV per 1000 people
Approximately 22,000 people who don’t know they have HIV because they haven’t tested.